Dry eyes are a common condition. When dry eyes occur chronically, they often must be corrected medically. Dr. Christian is fully qualified to diagnose and treat this condition and has done so for many people. It is helpful to know the causes and treatment for dry eyes so you can make an educated decision on the best way to get them corrected.
The role of tears
Tears are very important for healthy eyes. Tears keep the eye moist, help heal wounds and protect against infection. The tear film consists of three layers.
- An outer, oily (lipid) layer that keeps tears from evaporating too quickly.
- A middle (aqueous) layer nourishes the cornea and outer layer of the eye.
- A bottom (mucin) layer that contributes to spreading the aqueous layer across the eye.
As we age, the eyes usually produce fewer tears and in some cases, the lipid and mucin layers produced by the eye are of such poor quality that tears cannot remain in the eye long enough to keep the eye sufficiently lubricated.
Dry Eye symptoms
The following symptoms may indicate that your eyes need to be treated.
- A scratchy or sandy feeling as if something is in the eye
- Stinging or burning in the eye
- Instances of excess tearing that follow periods of a very dry sensation
- A stingy discharge from the eye
- Eye pain
- Heaviness of the eyelids
- Blurred, changing or decreased vision
The principle treatment for dry eyes is lubrication available in over-the-counter eye drops. In more severe cases, temporary or permanent closure of the tear drain may be helpful. Dr. Christian will provide the correct treatment for your specific condition.
“Red eye” is a term used to describe red, irritated and bloodshot eyes. There are many causes for this condition, some more severe than others.
- A broken blood vessel on the sclera (white of the eye)
- Inflamed eyelids
- A stye
- Eye fatigue
- Over-wearing contact lenses
- Eye infection such as conjunctivitis (pink eye)
Eye redness can sometimes signal a more serious eye condition or disease such as glaucoma or uveitis (inflammation of the middle layer of the eye).
Since each cause of red eyes demands its own treatment, Dr. Christian will perform a thorough exam to determine the best course of action for you. As a board-certified ophthalmologist, he can perform any treatment for all eye conditions he diagnoses. Please call our office to schedule a consultation.